The first self-propelled vehicle was invented in 1769, and since then there have been many new features added to them. The automotive industry has now become one of the most diverse and progressive areas of engineering. Nowadays, it is extremely common for us to see cars everywhere we go. A car to a human is one of the most valuable item in their life. This is why developments continue to occur beneath the bonnet, which has let to some of the most amazing car safety inventions.
The seatbelt was invented in the early 1800s; however, they were not introduced into vehicles until 1949. On top of that, their current three-point form was not adopted until the 1970s. Recent research has shown that seatbelts have prevented 60,000 deaths and more than 650,000 serious injuries since they became a mandatory car component in 1983.
This is a relatively new feature in a car. These systems can control the engine, brakes and acceleration. They also improve road grip and reduce the chance of accidents during unfavorable conditions.
Anti-lock braking system (ABS)
Brakes are the backbone of a car safety system. Without brakes it would be extremely difficult for cars to function the way they do today. Brakes are the first line of defense against potentially hazardous situations. The anti-lock braking system was first invented during the 1920s for airplane usage. They were only familiarized with road vehicles much later in the 1960s-1970s.
Collision mitigation braking system.
This is a further development of the ABS as it was first introduced by Honda less than a decade ago. This system uses radars and sensors to detect other vehicles on the road and calculate the threat of an accident. If the crash is unavoidable, the system automatically applies the brakes, which reduces the chance and strength of the impact.
This invention is inspired by a car accident trip Pennsylvania. John W. Hetrick is credited with inventing one of the automotive world’s biggest safety assets. Hetrick obtained a patent for his design in 1953 and the United States federal law of 1969 called for all motorized vehicles to have automatic occupant protection systems. This prompted further growth for airbags.
Drinking and driving are one of the biggest causes to road accidents. The invention of Breathalyzer in 1954, had a major influence in monitoring this issue of drinking and driving. Crashes related to alcohol results in as many as 16,000 deaths per year. Research has also shown that drink-drive deaths were up by 5% in the world recently. This shows that the invention of Breathalyzer is a key safety feature.
This feature is designed to increase the structural stability of the car. The windshield of a car is a major safety feature. Not only is it exceptionally strong, but when broken, it is designed to shatter into small pieces rather than into sharp splinters, which ultimately reduces the chance of secondary injuries.
The areas of the car which sustain the burden of the force in an impact, crumple zones are designed to absorb the energy of a crash. This may ruin the overall look of the car’s exterior; it reduces the chance of serious injury to the car’s occupants.
This feature is for those who experience roadside difficulty. Firms such as GEM help to fix cars on the roadside or tow vehicles to safety. This prevents drivers from getting behind the wheel of a potentially unsafe vehicle.
Speeding can be one of the most common and dangerous causes to an accident. Speed cameras are thought to have been invented in the 1950s and help reduce road casualties. They help to catch those guilty of this offence. Hit and runs are particularly common in the world today, and having these speed cameras allows the victim to catch the person who caused them such injuries.