Mouth Ulcer

A common disease of the Oral Cavity

Mouth Ulcers are painful sores that can occur anywhere inside the mouth. It is also one of the most common diseases of the oral cavity and in some cases is quite recurrent. The ulcer is painful accompanied by a burning sensation and makes talking, eating and drinking very difficult. Mouth ulcers are not contagious and usually go away within one to two weeks. If it does not heal within two to three weeks then treatment becomes necessary. It is known to occur more in women than in men and in most of the cases the cause is unknown.


Causes of Mouth Ulcer

  • Injury - due to badly fitting dentures, orthodontics braces, sharp teeth, rough filling, vigorous brushing habit, habit of cheek, lip and tongue biting, hot food or hard food.
  • Hormonal changes.
  • Quitting the smoking habit.
  • Lack of nutrition like iron, vitamins and minerals.
  • Food allergy.
  • Stress and lack of rest.
  • Many medicines can cause mouth ulcers as a side effect.
  • Many infectious diseases such as chickenpox, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, syphilis, acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis can also cause ulcers.


Treatment and Prevention

  • Antimicrobial mouth wash.
  • Taking nutritional supplements like folic acid, vitamin B6, vitamin B12 and zinc.
  • Apply topical painkiller gel before eating.
  • Apply protective paste help to cover the ulcer temporarily.
  • Avoid salty, spicy and acidic food.
  • Take adequate sleep and rest.
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Change of medication if it is the cause of mouth ulcers.
  • Proper dental hygiene and checkup can reduce mouth ulcers.